Romans 1

Speaker: Scott Jarrett | Aug 30, 2021

Romans 1

  1. Those who are truly “set apart for the gospel of God” as imitators of “Paul” the “apostle” possess a message that teaches both Jew and Gentiles receive salvation:

1) through belief/faith (14-17 “from faith [for the “Jew”] to [εἰς = An indication of scope, 1Th 2:16] faith [for the “Greek” or “barbarian]) = Everyone now gains their right standing w/God (i.e. the “power of salvation” or “the “righteousness of God”)the same way – thru belief/faith. This was a major change in respect to both who and how salvation was gained in the past: it was to the Jew (exclusively) and according to the “works of the law” (i.e. circumcision – the necessary sign given to Abraham and passed on thru Moses under the necessary for entrance into covenant w/God and receiving forgiveness thru the sacrifices – Rom 2:25-29, 3:1, 3:23-21, 4:1-12; See also Eph 2:11-22; 1Co 7:19; Gal 5:2, 6:15; Gen 17:9-14). Paul’s emphasis on this aspect of salvation is in defense of what was decided at Jerusalem council (Act 15:1-29).

2) and obedience (5)= Paul’s mission as an apostle (the reason he was “granted apostleship”) was to see that those coming into the NC by “faith” were now following that up w/obedience so that God’s name would not be blasphemed by the world (“to bring about the obedience of faith for the sake of his name among the nations”)(Rom 2:24 = Blasphemy of God is the result of disobedience by His people). That Paul is indeed calling for this obedience as an additional condition of salvation (versus calling for people to obey by having faith – e.g. Luther/Evangelicals) is confirmed by:

(2.1.) who it includes – i.e. those who already possessed faith or were already believers  – i.e. the Christians at Rome (6-13 “including you who are [already] called to belong to Jesus Christ…to all those who are Rome who are loved by God and called to be saints: Grace to you and peace…your faith is proclaimed in all the world…I long to see you that…we may be mutually encouraged by each other’s faith both yours and mine…I do not want you to be unaware brothers”). If Paul is just calling for people to obey a command to believe/have faith, then why include those who have already done it?

(2.2.) its agreement w/the ministry of the resurrected Jesus (Mat 28:18-20 = Teach [or “bring about…obedience” in] those who possess “faith” [i.e. those you are “baptizing”]) and the messianic prophecies of the OT (1-4; Isa 2:1-5 and Jer 23:1-6, 33:14-16 w/Joh 3:21 and 1Jo 1:7 w/2Jo 1:6 w/Mat 5:17-20; Joh 5:29; Isa 11:1-5 and Mal 4:1-6 w/Luk 3:1-22, 16:15-17; Isa 42:1-7, 21 w/Luk 4:18; Isa 56:1-8 w/Deu 4:13; Isa 66:18-21 w/Eze 44:23-24 w/Mat 16:17-19 and Joh 20:21-23 also Eph 4:11).

 

  1. Ending up under the delusion of Martin Luther or his false gospel of faith alone is what happens when:

1) you determine the thesis (of the book of Romans) based on your own agenda (or personal problems) versus its book-ends (Rom 1:17 versus what I am going to tell you, what I told you –  Rom 1:5 and 16:26).

Luther’s delusion re: v17, “the entire Holy Scripture became clear to me, and heaven itself was opened to me. Now we see this brilliant light very clearly, and we are privileged to enjoy it abundantly”.

2)  you ignore the historical or Jewish context of its communication and replace – or read into it, your own (e.g. works of the law = me trying to work my way to heaven).

 

  1. Jesus is both fully man and fully God (3-4).

 

  1. The way we as Christians can “impart…some spiritual gift to strengthen” our brothers and sisters or be “mutually encouraged by each other’s faith” or “reap a (spiritual) harvest among them is by seeing that each of us are adding the necessary obedience God requires to our faith (11-13; 2Jo 1:4-6; 3Jo 1:4).

 

  1. Why we should all be eager to “preach the gospel” (of faith and obedience) – versus being “ashamed of the gospel” (15-16a) is b/c:

1) through such faith all people can now receive God’s righteousness (or a right standing with God) (Again, God’s salvation is no longer exclusive to the Jews or requiring a person become a Jew thru circumcision) (16-17).

2) through such obedience all people can avoid God’s angry “wrath”, against all forms of disobedience (18-20 = suppression of obvious truth, 21 = Disrespect and ungratefulness toward God, 22-23, 25 = Idolatry and narcissism) which includes the curses of sexual perversion (24, 26-27 “dishonoring their bodies” and “dishonorable passions” – i.e. homosexuality), mental illness (28 “debased mind”), anarchy (29-31) and the death penalty (32 “those who practice such things deserve to die”).

 

  1. A society (therefore) filled with homosexuality, mental illness, anarchy and a rescinding of the death penalty (32 “they not only do them but give approval to those who practice them” = This is how God views those who refuse to put such people to death) is what happens when the obedience portion of the gospel is made nice but not necessary (NAS) (18-28).

 

  1. Stupid is a moral choice before it becomes a mental condition (21-22).

 

  1. That something is “eternal” (i.e. There is an Unmoved/Prime Mover), and that this something is someone or “divine” (i.e. It is an eternal Person versus and eternal force) is “plain” to everyone (God has “shown it to them”) since it is “clearly perceived in “the creation of the world” or “in the things that have been made” (i.e. The universe points to intelligent/deliberate design versus accidental evolution) which means all atheists, agnostics and idolators are idiots “without an excuse” (19-20).